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Sources

A “source” in Wonka is a provider of data. It provides data to a “sink” when the “sink” requests it. This is called a pull signal and for synchronous sources no time will pass between the sink pulling a new value and a source sending it. For asynchronous sources, the source may either ignore pull signals and just push values or send one some time after the pull signal.

fromArray

fromArray transforms an array into a source, emitting each item synchronously.

reason
Wonka.fromArray([|1, 2, 3|]);
typescript
import { fromArray } from 'wonka';
fromArray([1, 2, 3]);

fromList

fromList transforms a list into a source, emitting each item synchronously.

Note: This operator is only useful in Reason / OCaml where lists are a builtin data structure.

This is otherwise functionally the same as fromArray.

reason
Wonka.fromList([1, 2, 3]);

fromValue

fromValue takes a single value and creates a source that emits the value and completes immediately afterwards.

reason
Wonka.fromValue("a value");

make

make can be used to create an arbitrary source. It allows you to make a source from any other data. It accepts a function that receives an “observer” and should return a teardown function. It’s very similar to creating an Observable in zen-observable.

The function you pass to make is called lazily when a sink subscribes to the source you’re creating. The first argument observer is a tuple with two methods:

  • next(value) emits a value on the sink
  • complete() ends the source and completes the sink

The subscriber function also needs ot return a teardown function. This function is called when either complete() is called and the source ends, or if the source is being cancelled, since the sink unsubscribed.

In this example we create a source that waits for a promise to resolve and emits values from the array of that promise.

reason
let waitForArray = () => Js.Promise.resolve([|1, 2, 3|]);
let source = Wonka.make((. observer) => {
let (next, complete) = observer;
let cancelled = ref(false);
let promise = waitForArray();
Js.Promise.then_(arr => {
if (!cancelled^) {
Array.iter(next, arr);
complete();
}
}, promise);
() => cancelled := true;
});
typescript
import { make } from 'wonka';
const waitForArray = () => Promise.resolve([1, 2, 3]);
const source = make(observer => {
const [next, complete] = observer;
let cancelled = false;
waitForArray().then(arr => {
if (!cancelled) {
arr.forEach(next);
complete();
}
});
return () => {
cancelled = true;
};
});

makeSubject

makeSubject can be used to create a subject. This is similar to make without having to define a source function. Instead a subject is a tuple of a source and the observer’s next and complete functions combined.

A subject can be very useful as a full event emitter. It allows you to pass a source around but also have access to the observer functions to emit events away from the source itself.

reason
let subject = Wonka.makeSubject();
let (source, next, complete) = subject;
/* This will push the values synchronously to any subscribers of source */
next(1);
next(2);
next(complete);
typescript
import { makeSubject } from 'wonka'
const subject = Wonka.makeSubject();
const [source, next, complete] = subject;
/* This will push the values synchronously to any subscribers of source */
next(1);
next(2);
next(complete);

fromDomEvent

fromDomEvent will turn a DOM event into a Wonka source, emitting the DOM events on the source whenever the DOM emits them on the passed element.

Note: This source is only available in JavaScript environments, and will be excluded when compiling natively.

reason
open WebApi.Dom;
open Document;
let element = getElementById("root", document);
Wonka.fromDomEvent(element, "click")
|> Wonka.subscribe((. click) => Js.log(click));
typescript
import { pipe, fromDomEvent, subscribe } from 'wonka';
const element = document.getElementById('root');
pipe(
fromDomEvent(element, 'click'),
subscribe(e => console.log(e))
);

fromPromise

fromPromise transforms a promise into a source, emitting the promisified value on the source once it resolves.

Note: This source is only available in JavaScript environments, and will be excluded when compiling natively.

reason
let promise = Js.Promise.make(1); /* Just an example promise */
Wonka.fromPromise(promise)
|> Wonka.subscribe((. x) => Js.log(x));
/* Prints 1 to the console. */
typescript
import { pipe, fromPromise, subscribe } from 'wonka';
const promise = Promise.resolve(1); // Just an example promise
pipe(
fromPromise(promise),
subscribe(e => console.log(e))
); // Prints 1 to the console.

fromObservable

fromObservable transforms a spec-compliant JS Observable into a source. The resulting source will behave exactly the same as the Observable that it was passed, so it will start, end, and push values identically.

Note: This source is only available in JavaScript environments, and will be excluded when compiling natively.

typescript
import { pipe, fromObservable, subscribe } from 'wonka';
// This example uses zen-observable for illustrative purposes
import Observable from 'zen-observable';
const observable = Observable.from([1, 2, 3]);
pipe(
fromObservable(observable),
subscribe(e => console.log(e))
); // Prints 1 2 3 to the console

If you’re using Reason in a JavaScript environment and you’re interested in this operator, you may be using a library to create or get Observables.

Some libraries don’t expose Observables with the same BuckleScript type signature that Wonka uses to type them. So while Wonka’s observableT type is fairly lenient it may not work for you.

reason
type observableT('a) = {.
[@bs.meth] "subscribe": observerT('a) => subscriptionT
};

To work around this you can create a function that casts your observable type to Wonka’s observableT.

reason
type yourObservableType('a);
external asObservable: yourObservableType('a) => Wonka.observableT('a) = "%identity";

This snippet would create an asObservable function, which can type-cast your Observable type to Wonka.observableT and compiles away completely.

fromCallbag

fromCallbag transforms a spec-compliant JS Callbag into a source.

Since Wonka’s sources are very similar to callbags and only diverge from the specification minimally, Callbags map to Wonka’s sources very closely and the fromCallbag wrapper is very thin and mostly concerned with converting between the type signatures.

Note: This source is only available in JavaScript environments, and will be excluded when compiling natively.

reason
/* This example uses the callbag-from-iter package for illustrative purposes */
[@bs.module] external callbagFromArray:
array('a) => Wonka.callbagT('a) = "callbag-from-iter";
let callbag = callbagFromArray([|1, 2, 3|]);
Wonka.fromCallbag(callbag)
|> Wonka.subscribe((. x) => Js.log(x));
/* Prints 1 2 3 to the console. */
typescript
import { pipe, fromCallbag, subscribe } from 'wonka';
// This example uses the callbag-from-iter package for illustrative purposes
import callbagFromArray from 'callbag-from-iter';
const callbag = callbagFromArray([1, 2, 3]);
pipe(
fromCallbag(callbag),
subscribe(e => console.log(e))
); // Prints 1 2 3 to the console.

interval

interval creates a source that emits values after the given amount of milliseconds. Internally it uses setInterval to accomplish this.

Note: This source is only available in JavaScript environments, and will be excluded when compiling natively.

reason
Wonka.interval(50)
|> Wonka.subscribe((. x) => Js.log(x));
/* Prints 0 1 2... to the console. */
/* The incrementing number is logged every 50ms */
typescript
import { pipe, interval, subscribe } from 'wonka';
pipe(
interval(50),
subscribe(e => console.log(e))
); // Prints 0 1 2... to the console.
// The incrementing number is logged every 50ms

empty

This is a source that doesn’t emit any values when subscribed to and immediately completes.

reason
Wonka.empty
|> Wonka.forEach((. value) => {
/* This will never be called */
()
});
typescript
import { pipe, empty, forEach } from 'wonka';
pipe(
empty,
forEach(value => {
/* This will never be called */
})
);

never

This is source is similar to empty. It doesn’t emit any values but also never completes.

reason
Wonka.never
|> Wonka.forEach((. value) => {
/* This will never be called */
()
});
typescript
import { pipe, never, forEach } from 'wonka';
pipe(
never,
forEach(value => {
/* This will never be called */
})
);